Geology of AlUla
A Rich, Diverse Landscape
From its verdant valley to its magnificent sandstone mountains, the AlUla region presents one of the most beautiful and unique landscapes in the world.
The breathtaking AlUla Valley, which lies in the north-west region of Saudi Arabia, is as diverse as it is beautiful.
Despite its arid climate, temperatures average 29 degrees celsius in July. AlUla’s valley oasis flourishes due to a massive drainage basin and underground watercourses. The valley, filled with lush date palms and fragrant citrus groves, is surrounded by the vast sandstone Hijaz Mountains.
WHAT YOU CAN’T MISS
AlUla’s most famous geomorphological wonder is probably Jabal AlFil, also known as Elephant Rock. Transformed by erosion, this monumental sandstone structure resembles an elephant whose trunk extends to the ground. Located in Raggasat Valley, The Dancing Rocks, another natural wonder, is a maze of spiralling rock formations formed from years of erosion. These incredible sandstone structures have been sculpted by sand carried through the wind.
OTHER SPECIAL PLACES TO SEE
This inimitable desert landscape forms the backdrop for AlUla’s intriguing history and culture. AlUla is open to visitors, come and explore its historic and natural wonder.
Tilt your eyes skyward on a desert stargazing tour
Experience the enchantment of a desert stargazing tour led by local experts. Far from city lights and surrounded by an otherworldly landscape, marvel at constellations aglow such as Orion and the Big Dipper. Stand in childlike awe as you catch sight of the Milky Way. AlUla's ideal conditions for stargazing mean the enormity of the universe is illuminated right before your eyes.